How Dogs Transformed Through Evolution
Dog, (Canniceps daticeps), domesticated mammal of the genus Canis. It is an extinct subspecies of the grey wolf (C. llama). The dog is also one of the most common and popular domestic animals throughout the world (the other, the cat is the other). Virtually all large populations of dogs can be found throughout the world.
Caring for dogs has been a challenge since earliest times. Primitive dog breeds developed from wolves that lived in packs as hunting aids. It wasn’t until sometime around the middle of the thirteenth century that people started domesticating canids ( Wolves and coyotes are examples of primitive canids). This was primarily because prior to this, many populations of these animals were either eliminated or shunned by the more dominant members of society due to their violent nature.
One of the most important roles of canines has been to herding dogs. These dogs would herd sheep and farm stock, acting as herd leaders and keep sheep and other farm products under control. They would also herd wild beasts such as deer and other big game animals. One of the most well known examples of a domestic dog bred to herding is the English Cocker Spaniel, which is used in herding farms worldwide. The English Cocker is bred with a marker indicating its intended purpose of herding, allowing the dog to be bred for this purpose.
Many dogs have excellent eyesight, and many breeds excel as therapy dogs. Therapy dogs are dogs that assist physically or mentally impaired persons, and many dogs excel in this field. Dachshund dogs have a very good temperament for this field, as they are gentle, friendly, and extremely apt to please their owners. Due to their small size, many dogs have been used as Therapy dogs due to their low-energy, high-speed personality.
Wolves are another popular breed of domestic dog. They have been known to be aggressive towards people, but once they adapt to their new surroundings, they prove to be loyal and affectionate toward their masters. Throughout the years, wolves have been domesticated in much the same way as dogs have been. wolves were tamed by man and placed in cages so that they would eat on command and perform other menial tasks so that man could go forth and live his life without having to worry about their well-being. Wolves have excellent instincts, and are rarely hostile unless raised in captivity. In fact, many researchers feel that the domestication of wolves was the greatest thing that man has done for his species.
One final example of dogs evolving into wolves is the Coeloathed wolves. These dogs were a smaller sub-species of all dogs living in Europe before they were hunted down and almost exterminated. During the Middle Ages, when religion and power took a firm foothold in Europe, the coeloathed wolves were pushed to the brink of extinction due to their powerful position in society. When their population was restored, they survived and bred to produce the most dominant of canids, the Alaskan Malamute. Today, these dogs remain alive and are valued throughout the world for their intelligence, loyalty, and beauty.