The cat is a beautiful domesticated species of cat-like mammal. It is by far the only domestic animal in the feline family and is known officially as the feline domestic cat to separate it from its wild forefathers. Domestic cats all have a short tail and are usually black, silver or brown with a spotted belly. Their face should be white with some dark markings on it such as a molar. A spotted collar and a matching scratching pad give the cat its name.
The domestic cat population is controlled by many factors. Some of these include the loss of territory due to humans and domestic cats being trapped and sold for their meat, some disease outbreaks and a rise in cat obesity. Each of these problems has led to an increase in the occurrence of disease and in particular the cat ailment of obesity. Aged and malnourished felines are more susceptible to cat obesity and a greater risk of developing cat 21 which is a fatal condition.
To determine whether a cat is obese or not, a cat examination called the cat fasting test is carried out. This involves checking to see if the cat’s body weight increases when fed but that it remains the same when taken away. Two factors are then considered in this procedure. Firstly the percentage of body fat is checked using a special type of scale called the infrared thermal analyser. Secondly, body temperature is measured using a special device called the thermometer.
An assessment of the cat’s health is then carried out using both a visual examination (vialysis) and a visual analogue rating scale (VASCAR). The severity of each exam pattern is then rated on a universal scale, where the highest rating can be awarded when the cat has a perfect health status. The next rating is when each area of concern is found and the cats health is improved accordingly.
The third exam pattern is the veterinary skills examination and this assesses the cats ability to undertake a range of duties successfully. In order to qualify for the final year of a two year course, students must achieve grades C, B, A or above. The final year exam covers everything from behaviour, health care and personal hygiene to veterinary physiology and anatomy. It also covers key issues in breeding, nutrition and animal husbandry.
When it comes to the interview and assessment, the candidate will undergo a detailed examination which includes a written application, a written screening document, a photograph and a cgpa grade C. After the interview, a candidate will be asked to show their knowledge of the principles of good pet care and animal husbandry. If a candidate fails to successfully pass the first two sections, they will need to retake the examination. If a successful candidate passes the first two sections, then they will automatically qualify for the four remaining sections and earn the title of “Bachelor of Science in Cat Care”.